Matteo Salvini. The Man behind change in European politics
Race, religion and region has divided man for centuries. Times are changing and Man wants to consider himself to be a global citizen?
However with new age, new thinking has come up. Every country believes and wants to safeguard it social and cultural aspect. Value of Man has detoriated.
Man has become more demanding due to digital detox and lack of undertanding. Politicians globally are taking advantage of the innocence and instead of removing barriers are creating barriers. Tarrifs have been introduced. One such great influence is coming from Italian politicain Matteo Salvini.
Matteo Salvini, the Italian politician who has managed to conquer the cover of Time, (the American magazine has recently published a long portrait of the Minister of the Interior, starting from the Lega Nord activism up to the institutional role of the Viminale. And today, they say, he is the man who could lead a new sovereign movement that wants to take Brussels. The cover states: “the new face of Europe. Italy’s immigration Czar is on a mission to undo the E.U.); the man who has shaken the foundations of the palaces of power, and governments of Europe, the one who, disliked by the Europeanists, has succeeded in making of Italy, what no one had ever done before; to restore prestige to a country that was a bit dusty, and, attentive to the real needs of the people, to take on the priorities of the Italian people, after the defeat of the left at the last elections of March. The one who has succeeded, together with the partner party of Cinque Stelle, to steal the scene to a right led by Silvio Berlusconi now blurred, devoid of political personality, ideas and content. The man of change, viewed with suspicion by the great adversaries such as France and Germany, defined on several occasions as populist, racist, xenophobic, actions that, instead of stopping him in his climb, do nothing but affirm his personal success and political success. Never before has Europe looked at us, never did foreign markets and investors follow our events as it happens nowadays, with a mixture of curiosity, concern and interest. Italy has no qualms about stopping the illegal immigrants to the ports of departure to reaffirm a popular sovereignty that has lost much of its importance during last government.“Italy for Italians and with Italians” could be his motto. He’s unstoppably and tirelessly visiting foreign ports and talking with representatives of governments, not least the visit to Tunisia on 27 September.
The reasons for an announced success
For years, the figure of this controversial politician has strongly overlooked the Italian political panorama with his party, la Lega Nord, but it was the past elections that have established a turning point with no return. The party reaches a huge 33% preferences, de facto obscuring both opponents of the Sinistra, now really the shadow of the party it was until only few years ago, as well as the great party of the right, Forza Italia, now literally relegated at a corner of Italian politics.
The distance disputes with France
Clashes on such pivotal issue as that of migrants occur almost daily between the two countries, who accuse each other, but who see in President Macron an opponent in great difficulty, whose image is also blurred by his personal affairs, not least the great scandal of the affair Benalla, not very credible, and according to last polls is in free fall in the preferences. He is head-to-head with a Marie le Pen, always a friend and a great supporter of Matteo Salvini, and only half a point separatethe two leaders, with Le Pen in clear recovery.
Since the last survey in June, the LREM party (La RépubliqueenMarche) has already fallen to 21.5% according to the estimate made between 12 and 13 September. A series of episodes have marked that, after just a year and a half of "realm", Emmanuel Macron has reached his historical minimum of the compatriots' sympathies. Far seem the times in which former banker has defeated socialist and Gaullist opponents in 2017. According to an Odoxa poll for "Le Figaro" published September 13, Monsieur le Président and Madame Marine le Pen are head-to-head for the 2019 European elections.He, who accuses Italy, but then organizes blocks at the borders of Ventimiglia and Bardonecchia, without observing the most elementary diplomatic rules, and not only. He, who professes a united Europe, but is very efficient in repelling illegal immigrants across the
Vision for Europe
While on the one hand the pro-European France tries to make its voice heard, on the other side of Europe, there is the strong and decisive voice of another group of countries, the so-called Visegrad group, which includesHungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovaks, led by that Hungarian Orbàn, who has been governing the country for the past nine years, and is not at all worried about the pro-Europeans.
He established the ultra-conservativeFiatalDemokratákSzövetsége - Fidesz) back in 1988, and soon his political career takes off.
Earlier this year, the Hungarian premier won the election overwhelmingly, winning his third consecutive term since 2010 in a vote that saw a record turnout in the country. The Fideszgovernment party maintains an absolute majority in the parliament with 49% of the votes. Victory was achieved by betting low on an economy and a rapidly growing occupation, as well as on the promise of a total block to migrants and refugees, with millions of Hungarians on his side.
Orbàn and Salvini. Hungary and Italy allied to arm the EU borders and to discuss the issue of migrants (after the case of the Diciottiship), showing more and more the strong feeling that exists between the Hungarian Prime minister and the vice premier and head of the Lega Nord.
Viségrad seems to reject both any revival of the requests for the allocation of quotas of migrants and the idea of creating a common European force for the control of the external borders of the Union. In particular, Hungary, but not only, insists that border control must remain within national sovereignty. Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovaks are the four states part of the group.
And what is Europe doing? If on the one hand the Union tries to re-emerge from the economic crisis, on the other it reels because of the dangerous fracture created with the East, the "against Europe" of populists and authoritarian regimes that advance.
Elections took place in Sweden, too, but no winner came out of the elections on Sunday 9th September, with the vote in the Scandinavian country being the last consultation of a country of the Union before the European elections of May 2019.There was a lot of attention to the situation in the country,with the latest polls that gave rise to the right-wing party of the Swedish Democrats. However, the results speak of a situation of substantial impasse. The Social Democratic Party,which has essentially always governed since the early twentieth century,reached a 28.4% of preferences, the lowest results ever since, whilst the Moderate Party collected a more than appreciable 19.8%.
The Salvini decree in details
The unanimous approval of the Council of Ministers, arrived at 12.38pm on September 24th with the so called “Salvini decree” which deals with the security and immigration measures in a single text.The provision includes 17 articles related to immigration and 38 to security. On the most controversial subject, that of migrants, the following are the salient points included in the decree. As per his words after the press conference which followed, it is "a step onwards to make Italy safer, to fight mafia and smugglers with more force, to reduce the costs of exaggerated immigration, to expel delinquents and fake refugees more quickly, to remove citizenship from terrorists, to give more powers to Police".
No more humanitarian protection. This is the most widespread protection measure granted to asylum seekers in Italy, with a duration of between 6 months and 2 years. Introduced in Italy in 1998, humanitarian protection was granted for "serious reasons, in particular of a humanitarian nature or resulting from constitutional or international obligations of the Italian state", in addition to cases in which a person escapes from conflicts, natural disasters or other particularly serious events in countries outside the EU. In essence it was a residence permit that the Italian state recognized to those who, even if they did not have the requisites for obtaining international protection, nevertheless presented vulnerabilities that required a form of protection. Now things change. "Humanitarian protection is regulated by six specific cases, there will no longer be the free interpretation of the single", Salvini explained in a press conference. The six cases for granting humanitarian protection concern "victims of serious labor exploitation, victims of trafficking, victims of domestic violence, victims of serious natural disasters, the need for medical treatment, protagonists of particular acts of civil value".
Revocation of international protection and refugee status. The application will be denied or revoked in case of crimes of sexual violence, production, possession and trafficking of drugs, robbery and extortion, theft, theft in the apartment, threat, violence or resistance to a public official. The application will also be denied to those who are under criminal proceedings.
Revocation of citizenship. Citizenship is revoked for foreigners who commit terrorist offenses or against national security. There are also limits to the granting of citizenship to the descendants of Italian emigrants abroad. Since January 2015, 326 subjects have been expelled for reasons linked to national security, of which 89 this year.
Expulsions. Re-entry of the alien expelled from other Schengen countries is forbidden.
Reduction of the role of Cprand Sprar. Another very controversial point is that concerning the drastic reduction of projects in social inclusion and integration.The period of stay of migrants in the First Reception Centers (CPR) waiting to be repatriated is extended from the current 90 days up to 180 days.The Sprar (Protection System for Asylum Seekers and Refugees), the network of local authorities for the implementation of integrated reception projects are also reduced. Only those who are already holders of international protection or unaccompanied foreign minors can benefit from it. I
Conte confirmed the interlocution with the Quirinale, staff and through the technicians, to discuss informally the decree. "The goal - said the president of the Council - is to reorganize the entire system of recognition of international protection to adapt it to European standards. We realized that there were significant misalignments compared to other European countries, and, if in the past there was an indiscriminate reception, this was supported by the system "resulting in an excessive grant of humanitarian protection”. Regarding the costs, Salvini has confirmed that the € 35 a day will be reviewed and that, with the current decline in landings, the saving will be about € 1.5 billion "that will go to safety".
If the majority applauds unanimously what the Government defines as a "balanced" act, somebody believes that the security decree will have opposite effects to those that he would like to get on the cards.
Opponents to Salvini have challengedthat the reduction in the granting of residence permits will not cause a decrease in foreigners in Italy, but only an increase in illegal immigrants and even mayors say they are skeptical fearing abandonment of the suburbs and a total lack of inclusion projects in the territory.
The former owner of the Viminale, Mr.MarcoMinniti declared: "In the end, the Salvini decree will go down in history as a decree of insecurity since it will have the opposite effect of what it claims to be producing".
Immediately came Salvini's reply. Via Twitter he wrote: "Mayors, councilors, former ministers and leftist parliamentarians, trade unionists and journalists on the left, the only voices they are against the security and immigration decree, perhaps preferring to spend 5 billion a year to maintain an army of fake refugees.But the music has changed: full reception for the true refugees, no tolerance with scoundrels and offenders who first ask for asylum and then sell and steal. I shoot straight and work to increase repatriations and expulsions". As long as he will hold office, one thing will be sure. ¡No pasarán!
thanks to Sonia Russo for contribution